Проверка водяной помпы на автомобилях ВАЗ

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Система охлаждения считается одним из важнейших узлов автомобиля, от работы которого зависит работоспособность двигателя. Если не будет надлежащего охлаждения, то автомобильный двигатель не сможет работать на максимуме своих возможностей и, вероятнее всего, через некоторое время он просто выйдет из строя. В качестве охлаждающей жидкости (ОЖ) обычно используется антифриз или тосол, в редких случаях заливается дистиллированная вода. Для постоянной циркуляции ОЖ в системе имеется специальная помпа, представленная в виде обычной крыльчатки и приводимая в действие ремнем ГРМ.

Выход из строя этой детали приведет к таким серьезным проблемам, как перегрев двигателя, что в итоге может вылиться в капитальный ремонт агрегата. В нашей статье мы расскажем о способах проверки водяной помпы автомобиля ВАЗ-2109 на работоспособность. Такая проверка поможет вам вовремя обнаружить неисправность и устранить ее, избежав возможного перегрева двигателя. Итак, далее предлагаем четыре наиболее действенных способа проверки помпы системы охлаждения.

вод1

1. Самый распространенный и простой способ проверки – прогреть мотор до рабочей температуры, открыть капот и резко пережать верхний резиновый патрубок, идущий к радиатору. Если водяной насос работает, то вы ощутите пульсацию антифриза, который движется внутри системы охлаждения. Логично сделать вывод – если жидкость циркулирует по патрубкам, значит водяная помпа выполняет свою функцию.

2. Следующая проверка заключается в осмотре сальника. Для этого вам нужно снять крышку ремня ГРМ и осмотреть контрольное отверстие помпы. Через это окошко вам будет виден сальник. Если на поверхности отверстия или на самом сальнике есть какие-то коричневые отложения, значит вам требуется заменить сальник и снова проверить узел на утечку.

вод2

3. Бывает и такое, что во время работы двигателя начинают прослушиваться какие-то затяжные звуки, чем-то напоминающие «завывания». Такая неприятная музыка говорит о том, что подшипник вала помпы вышел из строя. Чтобы подтвердить или опровергнуть данное предположение, достаточно добраться до приводной звездочки помпы и покачать ее.

4. Если вышеописанные способы не уверили вас в работоспособности водяной помпы, то мы советуем вам просто снять водяной насос и провести его детальный осмотр и диагностику. С особой тщательностью осмотрите обратную сторону ротора, бывает и такое, что неисправность насоса кроется в ржавчине, появившейся на лопастях.

При обнаружении каких-то неисправностей, вам нужно приобрести новую помпу и выполнить ее замену. Также нужно заменить помпу, если вы не смогли обнаружить каких-то дефектов, но при этом вам кажется, что насос работает как-то некорректно. Также не советуем ремонтировать помпу, так как нет никакой гарантии, что после выполнения самостоятельного ремонта она будет долго и стабильно работать. Скорее всего, попытка починить насос для вас будет обозначать просто потерю времени и денег.

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