Как самостоятельно выявить и устранить неполадки со сцеплением автомобиля?


Наверняка каждый водитель хотя бы раз сталкивался с неполадками в сцеплении машины. Это является не только причиной большого неудобства при управлении, но и может послужить фактором для создания аварийной ситуации. По сути, эксплуатировать такой автомобиль опасно, а потому нужно немедленно позаботиться о починке сцепления. К тому же повреждение данной детали ведет к увеличенному износу некоторых других частей машины.

Запасные части для ремонта сцепления

Неполадки в работе сцепления может выявить даже неспециалист. Поэтому и осуществить самостоятельную замену сцепления или выполнить ремонт сцепления своими руками может большинство автовладельцев. Но если все же не уверены в своих силах, то лучше съездить в автосервис.

При тестировании работы сцепления на первом этапе не нужно заводить движок. Для начала следует все проверить на холостом ходу. Сядьте на водительское сидение, несколько раз плавно нажмите на педаль сцепления и прислушайтесь. Во время этого процесса не должно быть слышно каких-то резких и подозрительных шумов, вроде скрежетания  или стука. При нажатии на педаль не должно ощущаться каких-то препятствий или «проваливания». Также нажиматься она должна с первого раза и не заедать. Если наблюдается хотя бы один признак поломки, то это серьезный повод подумать о демонтаже детали и ее замене.

ремонт сцепления

Далее проводим проверку при запущенном движке. Также жмем на сцепление и одновременно активируем заднюю передачу. Слушаем и замечаем, нет ли посторонних звуков во время этого из-под днища машины. Особенно подозрительным должен показаться скрежет. В этом случае есть вероятность повреждения ведомого диска. Тут тоже необходим срочный ремонт. В некоторых случаях передача даже может не включаться с первого раза. Это тоже свидетельство серьезной поломки в системе.

При работающем моторе протестируйте все передачи. При сломанном сцеплении какие-то передачи обязательно будут давать сбой, и включаться с ощутимым стуком. Попробуйте медленно выехать их гаража. Наблюдайте, нет ли при старте рывков. Это тоже один из признаков неисправного сцепления в автомобиле.

Сцепление – та деталь, своевременный ремонт которой позволит избежать еще больших трат. Поэтому в любом автосервисе вам предложат не просто поменять сцепление (своими руками не каждый может это сделать) – к вашим услугам будет представлен полный спектр услуг по диагностике данной детали.


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