Ремонт или замена лонжерона

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Насколько известно из школьного курса физики, сила – это скорость, помноженная на массу. При попадании автомобиля в аварию даже самый крепкий металл может пойти трещинами и основательно помяться. К примеру, в результате ДТП с участием автобуса и легкового автомобиля последний может получить глобальные вмятины, а автобус отделается лишь незаметными царапинами.  Сегодня речь пойдет о лонжероне, как его отремонтировать при повреждении или как его полностью заменить.

Что такое лонжерон?

Можно привести сравнение с велосипедом, который состоит из колес и рамы. Как раз рама – это и есть лонжерон в автомобиле, сварен он из предельно крепкого металла. Допустим, если лонжерон дал трещину на «десятке», то вряд ли ремонт принесет желаемый результат. Остается только единственный вариант – полная замена детали на новую. Можно, конечно, не заморачиваться и поехать в ближайшее СТО, где профессионалы произведут все необходимые работы. Но гораздо приятнее и надежнее произвести ремонт своими руками.

Что же, приступим?

Для начала выявите наличие необходимых инструментов в своем гараже или мастерской:

  • болгарка. Желательно иметь машинку с возможностью менять различные насадки, то есть она по максимуму должна быть универсальной;
  • молоток. Чем больше, тем лучше;
  • пригодится в нашей работе кувалда и ломик;
  • сверла по металлу и дрель, желательно советских времен. Современные дрели китайского производства довольно часто ломаются и при малейшем перегреве выходят из строя;
  • напильники и зубила разных размеров.

Совет: если вы никогда не имели дело с заменой или ремонтом лонжерона, то на первый раз воспользуйтесь услугами автосервиса. Внимательно смотрите за тем, как выполняется работа, чтобы в следующий раз проделать ее самостоятельно.

Принципы работы

Первоначально осмотрите поврежденную деталь. Если на месте столкновения образовались небольшие трещинки, то вполне возможно, что вам поможет сварка-полуавтомат. Но в то же время не нужно забывать, что далеко не каждый дефект можно устранить с помощью сваривания поврежденных деталей. К примеру, при повреждении места крепления лонжерона непосредственно к кузову машины, все старания будут совершенно бесполезны, и вы будете жалеть о напрасно потраченном времени. И помните, что при каждом вмешательстве сварочного аппарата, прочность металла значительно уменьшается. В результате неправильно выполненной работы вы рискуете полностью повредить и деталь, и автомобиль в целом.

Во время выполнения данной процедуры подставьте распорки под лонжерон, дабы не повредить ремонтируемую деталь вашего железного коня.

Также еще раз осмотрите корпус «десятки», иногда его целостность и работоспособность оставляет желать лучшего. Применение сварки на корпусе, который сам в не в идеальном состоянии, нецелесообразно. Если же вы работаете, не обратив на данный факт должного внимания, то в будущем вам придется ремонтировать не только лонжерон, но и полностью весь транспорт. А это влетит вам в копеечку.

При обращении к профессионалам в станции технического обслуживания, сварочные работы будут стоить около 5 000 рублей, но прибавьте к этой сумме стоимость необходимых запасных частей.

Как все-таки нужно менять поврежденный лонжерон

  • Воспользовавшись подъемником или домкратом, который имеет каждый уважающий себя владелец ВАЗ-2110, следует приподнять поврежденное место машины.
  • Снять колесо, из салона вынуть сидение и коврики для удобства проведения работ и дабы по неосторожности не повредить их целостность.
  • Убрать дополнительный порог и усилитель.
  • С помощью болгарки аккуратно прорезать места точечной сварки – места крепления лонжерона к кузову «десятки». Затем следует извлечь поврежденную деталь.

Далее, нужно осмотреть место установки нового лонжерона, проверив на прочность, соответствие размеров старой детали относительно новой и наличие повреждений корпуса.

Теперь, выбрав необходимый тип сварки можно установить новый лонжерон на место старого.

Прежде, чем выполнять ремонт, новичку следует тщательно изучить принципы работы, просмотреть имеющие в Сети видеоматериалы, посоветоваться с знакомыми, имеющими опыт в проведении подобных манипуляций.

Как видите, если захотеть, то вполне реально своими руками выполнить замену старого лонжерона на новый.

 

 

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